Hard water is the type of water which comprises of different minerals, and it is subjected to treatment before usage. Water softening is the process where the hard water is treated using Water Softeners. In the process of water treatment, the calcium and magnesium ions are removed or exchanged with sodium exchanged. This water softening process is done to reduce the problems that are being associated with hard water. Different technologies and methods are used to make the hard water softer for your uses. Below are some of the practical means on how to soften hard water. You may also look for more Water Softener Reviews to collect information about water softening process.
This is the most common and traditional method of treating hard water and converting it to soft water. This is the effective method to treat and remove magnesium and calcium ions from hard water. This water softening method works by exchanging the calcium and magnesium ions with two sodium ions. The water treatment system usually has a mineral tank at the heart of the system, and it comprises small zeolite or resin beads which carry the negative charges. The calcium and magnesium ions carry positive charges, and hence they easily get trapped in these beads when the water passes.
Sodium ions also carry positive charges, but it is not as high as the calcium and magnesium ions. So, the magnesium and calcium ions displace the sodium from beads and sodium is released into the water. This method is very efficient and allows the detergent, shampoo and soap to lather quickly. However, the downside of this process is that the removal of calcium and magnesium ions leads to the addition of two sodium ions which sometime may be undesirable for some people. The water softened through this process also has softer and soapy feeling on skin because of a more substantial quantity of sodium in water. You may read More Water Softeners Reviews to know its benefits for your health.
The second most popular method is distillation which involves both the water softening process and water purification means. The process involves heating the hard water in a container until it vaporises. The hard water in the gaseous state is directed to another container where the water is allowed to cool off and again liquefy. This method of purification and treatment has, and it is considered to be the cheapest method to treat hard water. It effectively removes the magnesium, calcium and other containment and minerals from hard water. The only drawback with distillation is that it can be used to produce an only smaller amount of water for drinking and other purposes compared to ion exchange. You may read More Water Softener Reviews to know about the process of distillation strictly and its benefits for softening hard water.
Reverse Osmosis or RO Purification
Today, Reverse Osmosis is the most efficient method to soften hard water. Many RO water purification systems are used to ensure highly purified water for drinking. All houses across the world are using RO system at home to soften the hard water and make it safe for drinking, cooking and other purposes. This is the process that removes the minerals in hard water through its Osmotic Membrane Chamber. This is the chamber that is usually tiny pores, and it allows the water molecules to pass through it. There is a pressure created which is around 35-40 psi, and the pressure is applied to push the water molecules through it. All minerals including the magnesium and calcium ions are left behind, and the water produced by the system is softened efficiently.